The Mongol invasions of Japan in 1274 and 1281 posed a unique challenge to the samurai and the Kamakura Shogunate under Hojo Tokimune. Through unwavering fortitude, innovative tactics, and a little bit of divine intervention, Japan's warriors were able to repel the invaders.
Still, the shogunate would never fully recover financially or in terms of credibility as a security provider.
Our friends at Kings and Generals offer this excellent animated documentary detailing the story of the opening clashes as the Mongols attacked the islands of Tsushima and Iki.
You can get even richer details of how the samurai repelled the Mongol invasions with Genko Kassenki: Battle Record of the Mongol Invasions.
– Conlan, Thomas D.. In Little Need of Divine Intervention: Takezaki Suenaga’s Scrolls of the Mongol Invasions of Japan. Translated by Thomas D. Conlan. East Asia Program Cornell University: Ithaca, New York, 2001.
– Hsin Yüan Shih 250 in Japan in the Chinese Dynastic Histories: Later Han through Ming Dynasties. Translated by Ryusaku Tsunoda, edited by L. Carrington Goodrich, 73-105. South Pasadena: P.D and Ione Perkins, 1951.
– Hazard, Benjamin B. “The Formative Years of the Wakō, 1223-63,” Monumenta Nipponica 22 no. ¾ (1967): 260-277.
– Ishii Susuma, “The Decline of the Kamakura bakufu,” in The Cambridge History of Japan, vol. 3 Medieval Japan. Edited by Kozo Yamamura, translated by Jeffrey P. Mass and Hitomi Tonomura, 128-174. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990.
– M.S. Seoh, “A Brief Documentary Survey of Japanese Pirate Activities in Korea in the 13th-15th Centuries.” Journal of Korean Studies 1 no.1, (1969):23-39.
– Rossabi, Morris. “The Reign of Khubilai Khan,” in Cambridge History of China, Vol. 6 Alien Regimes and Border States, 907-1368
– Rossabi, Morris. Khubilai Khan: His Life and Times. University of California Press, 1988.
– Turnbull, Stephen. The Mongol Invasions of Japan 1274 and 1281. Oxford: Osprey Publishing, 2010.
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Previous videos in our series on Mongol history: https://bit.ly/3eezUnW
Mongol Invasion of Japan: https://youtu.be/7FxBjEbEPX0
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The video was made by our friend Arb Paninken http://bit.ly/2Ow3oC8, while the script was developed by Jack Wilson – The Jackmeister. Check out his channel dedicated to the history of the Mongols: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCQEYhWVV3V-ItwJE-kgRd9w
This video was narrated by Officially Devin (https://www.youtube.com/user/OfficiallyDevin)
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